当前位置: 首页 » 科研动态 2017-2019开放课题研究进展——Analysis of the Economic Ripple Effect of the United States on the World due to Future Climate Change 发布时间:2018-06-26 浏览次数:

Zhengtao Zhang1,2,3 , Ning Li1,2,3,* , Hong Xu2, and Xi Chen1,2,3

1. Key Laboratory of Environmental Change and Natural Disaster, MOE, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

2. State Key Laboratory of Earth Surface Processes and Resource Ecology, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

3. Academy of Disaster Reduction and Emergency Management, Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Education, Faculty of Geographical Science, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China

*Corresponding author: Ning Li, ningli@bnu.edu.cn

 

Abstract: Solomon Hsiang’s study, which was recently published in Science, has caused extensive discussion by indicating that future climate change may exert influences on the agricultural yield, labor supply, and energy demand, among others of the United States. Based on the above study, we use an optimized input-output model to evaluate the economic ripple effect (ERE) of the United States on the world due to climate change under Representative Concentration Pathway 4.5 with different increases in the annual mean temperature (AMT; 1, 1.5, and 2°C) between 2020 and 2100. The results show that if a loss of gross domestic product of 0.88% occurs with a 1°C AMT increase in the United States, the ERE of approximately 0.12% will be generated onto the global gross domestic product; with a 2°C increase, the ERE will triple. The time variation trend of the ERE conforms to the future variations in AMT. The degree of this effect on other regions of the world is closely related to the trade links between the United States and economic aggregates. Among these regions, Canada shows the greatest impact, followed by China. The ERE that China suffers may increase by 4.5 times as the AMT in the United States increases from 1 to 2°C. In cold regions, the benefit from global warming will decrease due to the ERE from other regions, which will inhibit their economic development. This paper aims to provide new perspectives and data-based support for regions around the world to cope with climate change and to develop policies by studying the ERE behind international trade.

 

Key Points:

1. Economic ripple effects and uncertainties of the United States on the world with future AMT raise from 2020 to 2100 are evaluated under RCP4.5

2. The ripple effect of the United States on the global GDP increases about 4.45 times when AMT rises from 1 to 2; that of China increases 4.5 times

3. The degree to which cold regions benefit from climate change should consider the inhibiting ripple impact from the others

 

Key Words: Climate Change; Economic ripple effects; Economic Impact; the United States; China; RCPs

Published in Earth’s Future, 2018, DOI: 10.1029/2018EF000839.

URL: https://agupubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1029/2018EF000839